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A Jyotirlinga or Jyotirling or Jyotirlingam is a shrine where Lord Shiva, an aspect of God in Hinduism is worshipped in the form of a Jyotirlingam or "Lingam of light." There are twelve traditional Jyotirlinga shrines in India.

 

 


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It is believed that Shiva first manifested himself as a Jyotirlinga on the night of the Aridra Nakshatra, thus the special reverence for the Jyotirlinga. There is nothing to distinguish the appearance, but it is believed that a person can see these lingas as columns of fire piercing through the earth after he reaches a higher level of spiritual attainment.

Significance of Jyotirlinga: The Puranas vociferously sing the praises of the greatness of the Jyotirlingas. By reciting the name of this, one can eliminate all the sins. The Sadhaka becomes calm, chaste and pure. He becomes illuminated and enlightened with supreme and divine knowledge. The names mentioned for the benefits of all:

Saurashtra Somnatham Cha Shrishaile Mallikarjunam ||
Ujjainyam Mahakalomkare Mammaleshwaram ||
Parlyam Vaijnatham Cha Dakinyam Bheem Shankaram ||
Setu Bandhe Tu Ramesham Nagesham Daruka Vane ||
Varanasya Tu Vishwesham Tribakam Gautamitate ||
Himalaye Tu Kedaram Ghurmesham Cha Shivalaye ||
Aetani Jyotirlingani Sayam Prataha Pathennaraha ||
Sapta Janma Kritam Papam Smaranen Vinashyati ||

One who recites these 12 names regularly in the morning and evening he washes all the sins committed in the previous 7 births and attains all the powers and Siddhis.

JYOTIRLINGA TEMPLES

Jyotirlinga are the 12 special shrines dedicated to Shiva since ancient times .A Jyotirlinga or Jyotirling or Jyotirlingam is a shrine where Lord Shiva , an aspect of God in Hindusim is worshipped in the form of a Jyotirlingam or Lingam of Light,There are Twelve Jyotirlinga Temples in India These 12 jyotirlinga shrines are-

  • Somnath JyotirLing in Saurashtra (Guj), 
  • Mallikarjun jyotirling in Srisailam (A.P.), 
  • Mahakaleshwar jyotirling in Ujjain (M.P.), Omkareshwar jyotirling in Shivpuri / mamaleswara (M.P.)
  • Lord Baijnath jyotirling in Devghar (Bihar)
  • Nageswar jyotirling in Darukavanam  (Guj)
  • Kedareswar jyotirling in Kedarnath / Himalayas (Utt)
  • Tryambakeswar jyotirling in Nasik (Mah)
  • Rameshwar jyotirling in Setubandanam / Rameshwaram (T.N.)
  • Bhimashankar jyotirling in Dakini (Mah)
  • Visweswar jyotirling in Varanasi (U.P.) and
  • Ghrishneswar jyotirling in Devasrovar (Mah).

Two jyotirlinga are on the sea shore, three jyotirlinga on river banks, four jyotirlinga in the heights of the mountains and three jyotirlinga in villages located in meadows.


  1. Somnath, destroyed and re-built six times, is held in reverence throughout India and is rich in legend, tradition, and history. It is located at Prabhas Patan in Saurashtra in Gujarat.(Official website of Somnath)
  2. Mallikarjuna, also called Srisaila, is the name of the pillar located on a mountain on the river Krishna. Srisailam, near Kurnool in Andhra Pradesh enshrines Mallikarjuna in an ancient temple that is architecturally and sculpturally rich. Adi Shankara composed his Sivananda Lahiri here.
  3. Mahakal, Ujjain (or Avanti) in Madhya Pradesh is home to the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple. The Lingam at Mahakal is believed to be Swayambhu, the only one of the 12 Jyotirlingams to be so. It is also the only one facing south and also the temple to have a Shree Yantra perched upside down at the ceiling of the Garbha Graha (where the Shiv Lingam sits).
  4. Mamleshwar,Omkareshwar in Madhya Pradesh on an island in the Narmada river is home to a Jyotirlinga shrine and the Mamaleshwar temple.
  5. Kedarnath in Uttarakhand is the northernmost of the Jyotirlingas. Kedarnath, nestled in the snow-clad Himalayas, is an ancient shrine, rich in legend and tradition. It is accessible only by foot, and only for six months a year.
  6. Bhimashankar, in the Sahyadri range of Maharashtra, contains a Jyotirlinga shrine associated with Shiva destroying the demon Tripurasura. There is also a Bhimashankara temple at Kashipurnear Nainital, which was referred to as Daakini country in ancient days. It is believed that Bhima the Pandava prince was married to Hidamba, a Daakini here. Mahashivaratri is celebrated in great splendour here too. This temple also has shrines to Bhairavanath and Devi, and a temple tank by name Shivaganga.
  7. Varanasi (Benares) in Uttar Pradesh is home to the Vishwanath Jyotirling temple.
  8. Trimbakeshwar, near Nasik in Maharashtra, has a Jyotirlinga shrine associated with the origin of the Godavari river. (Official Website of Trimbakeshwar)
  9. Baidyanathdham in Deoghar,[Jharkhand] & Parli Vaidyanath Temple, (Maharashtra), also called Vaijnath Temple and Baidyanth Temple is located at Deogarh in the Santal Parganas region of Jharkhand in the south west of Keeul Station.
  10. Nageshwar Temple Dwarika Dwarka Gujarat
  11. Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu is home to the vast Ramalingeswarar Jyotirlinga temple and is revered as the southernmost of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of India. It enshrines the Ramesvara ("Lord of Rama") pillar.
  12. Ghrishneshwar Jyotirlinga shrine, in Aurangabad Maharashtra, is located near the rock-cut temples of Ellora.




There are Twelve (12) temples called Jyotirlingas dedicated to Lord Eshwara in the form of Shiva Lingas. These temples are situated across India and are considered very sacred by Hindus. There is a belief that, all these twelve Jyothirlingas are to be visited in the month of November-December (Kartika Masam). Below are brief details of each Jyotirlinga.

Somnath : Somnath is located at Prabhas Patan in Saurashtra in Gujarat. Somnath Jyotirling Om namah shivay

Rameshwaram : This vast temple in the island of Rameswaram, in Southern Tamilnadu enshrines Ramalingeswarar. Rameshwaram Jyotirling

Srisailam : Srisailam new Kurnool enshrines Mallikarjuna in an ancient temple rich in architectural and sculptural wealth. Mallikarjun Jyotirling Tamilnadu

Ghrishneshwar : Jyotirlinga shrine, in Aurangabad Maharashtra, is located near the rock-cut temples of Ellora.Ghrishneshwar Jyotirlinga Aurangabad Maharashtra

Ujjain : The ancient and historic city of Ujjain or Avanti in Madhya Pradesh is home to the Jyotirlinga shrine of Mahakaleshwar Mahakaleshwar Ujjain

Varanasi : Varanasi - The most celebrated pilgrimage site in India. The Vishwanath temple in Banaras in Uttar Pradesh is the goal of the thousands of pilgrims that visit this ancient city.Kashi Vishwanath Banaras Varanasi

Nageshwar, Dwarka: Dwarka, in Gujrat, is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. Nageshwar Dwarka Gujarat

Bhimsankar : Bhimsankar is located in the Sahyadri hills of Maharashtra, accessed from Pune.Bhimashankar pune

Trimbakeshwar : The origin of the river Godavari is intimately linked with this Jyotirlinga shrine near Nasik in Maharashtra. Trambakeshwar Nashik

Omkareshwar : Omkareshwar, an island in the course of the river Narmada in Madhya Pradesh, is home to the Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga shrine and the Amareshwar temple. Omkareshwar jyotirlinga Madhya Pradesh

Vaidyanath : Vaidyanath is located in the Santal Parganas area of Bihar. Vaidyanath, santal parganas bihar

Kedarnath : Kedarnath nestled in the snow clad Himalayas. It is accessible only on foot, six months in a year. Kedarnath Himalayas

12 jyotirlinga, jyotirling, shiv jyotiling, Somnath, Mallikarjuna, Mahakal, Mamleshwar, Kedarnath, Bhimashankar, Varanasi, Trimbakeshwar, Baidyanathdham, Nageshwar, Rameshwaram, Ghrishneshwar


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Baijanath Jharkhand

The Temple of Lord Baijnath is situated in Jharkhand On the rail route from Patna to Kolkata is a place called Keeul. About 100 kms south-east of this place is Devghar - where this ancient Temple is situated. 

 

Bhimashankar Pune

Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga is situated in the north of Pune, It is from here that the Bhima River flows. It is believed that Lord Shiva was pleased by the devotion of a king named Bhimak of the sun Dynasty and is called the Jyotirlinga in the place.

 

Grishneshwar Near Ellora Caves

The Jyotirlinga named Grishneshwar, Ghurmeshwar or Ghushmeshwar is situated in a village called Verul which is 20 km away from Daulatabad and approximately 100 kms from Manmad station just adjacent to the famous Ellora Caves. 

Mahakaleswar Ujjain

Mahakaleshwar is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas Temples in India, the lingam at the Mahakal is believed to be swayambhu (born of itself), deriving currents of power (Shakti) from within itself as against the other images and lingams which are ritually established and invested with mantra-shakti.

Mallikarjuna Srisailam

The temple of Lord Mallikarjuna is situated in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The temple is situated in the town of Srisailam on the banks of River Patalganga Krishna. Srisailam mountain is looked upon reverentially as the Kailash of South.

Nageshwar Gujarat

The jyotirlinga enshrined in the temple of Nagnath is known as Nageshwar Mahadev and attracts thousands of pilgrims all round the year. This powerful jyotirlinga symbolizes protection from all poisons and those who pray to the Nageshwar Linga therefore become poison free.

Omkareswar

The Temple of Lord Omkareshwar is situated on the banks of River Narmada, in between Indore & Khandwa.Lord Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is situated by the banks of Narmada river in the Malva area.

Rameshwar Rameswaram

The consecration of the temple of Lord Rameshwar was done by none other than Lord Rama himself, and thus acquired his name. It is situated in a large island surrounded by sea in the southern side of India. 

Someshwara Somnath

Temple of Lord Somnath is situated near the town of Veraval in Western part of Gujarat. The temple is dedicated to Someshwara, the Lord Shiva, with moon on his head. There is an interesting story associated with the emergence of this Jyotirlinga, mentioned in the Purana.

Tryambakeshwar Temple

Tryambakeshvar literally means the abode of the three eyed one i.e. Lord Shiva, is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas Temples(self emanated lingas). It is situated in the eastern spur of the Sahyadri and is 30 Kms. away from the pilgrimage center, Nashik. 

Vishwanath Varanasi

Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga Temple is situated at Kashi (Banaras) and famous by the name of Shiv Vishwanath Kashi. It is said in the scriptures that when the earth was submerged under water (Pralaya). 

 

 

 

सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथं च श्रीशैले मल्लिकार्जुनम्। Saurāṣṭre Somanāthaṃ ca Śrīśaile Mallikārjunam Somanath in Saurashtra and Mallikarjunam in Shri-Shailam;
उज्जयिन्यां महाकालमोङ्कारममलेश्वरम्॥ Ujjayinyāṃ Mahākālam Omkāram Mamleśhwaram Mahakaal in Ujjain, Mamleshwar in Omkareshwar;
परल्यां वैद्यनाथं च डाकिन्यां भीमशङ्करम्। Paralyāṃ Vaidyanāthaṃ cha Ḍākinyāṃ Bhīmaśhaṅkaram Baidyanath in Chitabhoomi,(Deogarh) Jharkhand or Parali in Maharashtra and Bhimashankaram in Dakinya;
सेतुबन्धे तु रामेशं नागेशं दारुकावने॥ Setubandhe tu Rāmeśaṃ Nāgeśhaṃ Dārukāvane Ramesham (Rameshwaram) in Sethubandh, Nagesham in Daruka-Vana;
वाराणस्यां तु विश्वेशं त्र्यम्बकं गौतमीतटे। Vārāṇasyāṃ tu Viśveśaṃ Tryambakaṃ Gautamītaṭe Vishwesham (Vishvanath) in Vanarasi, Tryambakam at bank of the river Gautami (Godavari);
हिमालये तु केदारं घुश्मेशं च शिवालये॥ Himālaye tu Kedāraṃ Ghuśmeśaṃ ca Śivālaye Kedar in Himalayas and Ghushmesh (Ghushmeshwar) in Shivalaya.
एतानि ज्योतिर्लिङ्गानि सायं प्रातः पठेन्नरः। etāni jyotirliṅgāni sāyaṃ prātaḥ paṭhennaraḥ One who recites these Jyotirlingas every evening and morning
सप्तजन्मकृतं पापं स्मरणेन विनश्यति॥ saptajanmakṛtaṃ pāpaṃ smaraṇena vinaśyati is relieved of all sins committed in past seven lives.
एतेशां दर्शनादेव पातकं नैव तिष्ठति। eteśāṃ darśanādeva pātakaṃ naiva tiṣṭhati One who visits these, gets all his wishes fulfilled
कर्मक्षयो भवेत्तस्य यस्य तुष्टो महेश्वराः॥: karmakṣayo bhavettasya yasya tuṣṭo maheśvarāḥ and one's gets eliminated as Maheshwara gets satisfied to the worship.